On June 14, 2016, the Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs (“OFCCP”) released its updated final rule regarding sex/gender discrimination. The stated purpose of the update was to revise OFCCP’s decades old guidance which was, at some level, in conflict with certain new principles currently espoused by EEOC. For example, OFCCP’s old rule required covered contractors to provide separate bathrooms for men and women.
Oh how times have changed!
The new rules do some reiterate well-known requirements that personnel actions may not be taken on the basis of gender. The rule also reminds contractors that distinctions between married and unmarried persons in the workplace, without applying them equally to men and women, are unlawful.
With respect to gender identity, the rule explains that contractors may not make facilities and employment-related activities available only to members of one sex. Significantly, the rule provides that if a contractor provides showers, changing rooms, restrooms or other similar facilities, the contractor must provide same sex or single user facilities as well. The rule goes on to state that employers must allow employees to use the facilities consistent with the gender with which they identify. It also makes it unlawful to discriminate against applicants based on the applicant’s receipt of “transition-related medical services.”
The final portion of the rule covers some nonbinding best practices recommended by OFCCP including avoiding the use of gender-specific job titles such as foreman or linemen.
While the revised rule addresses a number of other issues regarding sex discrimination, harassment and pay discrimination, the revisions related to gender stereotypes and gender identity seem to be the largest change. The rules are effective August 14, 2016. They apply to all covered government contractors with contracts of $10,000 or more. The final rule is available here.
Covered contractors should note that the rules will likely require some changes to their restroom facilities and should plan accordingly. As always, the true impact of these rules will not be fully understood until courts begin to rule on their implementation. Stay tuned.